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Hormonal Changes May Trigger Migraines in Some Women

March 26, 2012


Evidence supports link between fluctuations in female hormones and painful headaches.

FRIDAY, March 26 (HealthDay News) — Hormonal changes are a major reason women are far more likely than men to have migraine headaches, research suggests.

About 30 million Americans suffer from migraines, and women are nearly three times more likely to have them than men, National Headache Foundation data indicates.

“Hormonal changes are a big contributor to the higher female incidence,” Dr. Michael Moskowitz, a professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School in Boston, said in a news release from the Society for Women’s Health Research. “There are lines of evidence that support this from lab to clinical evidence and a decreased [although not abolished] incidence in postmenopausal females.”

Women who experience migraines may find they often occur just before or just after the onset of menstruation. Also, women’s patterns of migraines may change during pregnancy and/or menopause.

Many other factors can increase the risk of having migraine headaches for both men and women:

Although there is no cure, migraines can be managed effectively with the help of a doctor. Many drugs are available for prevention and pain relief, and lifestyle changes can eliminate some triggers that cause migraines, Moskowitz said in the news release.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has more about migraines.

— Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Society for Women’s Health Research, news release, March 20, 2012

Last Updated: March 23, 2012

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